Dr. Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi does research in Gujarat, India


Dr. Daniel Goldstein in Belgium


Recently graduated anthropology major continues her work and studies


Dr. Dorothy Hodgson and Maasai activist Ndini Kimesera Sikar at the U.N. in NYC


Student discusses honors poster on “Undocumented Mexican Women in New Brunswick”


Dr. David Hughes at Fukushima Workshop, Tokyo


Graduate student meets orangutan as a T.A. in Borneo with Rutgers Study Abroad "Primates, Ecology and Conservation in Indonesia"


Student discusses Honors work at historic site in Trappe, PA with Chair, Dr. Craig Feibel

Susan M. Cachel

cachelheadshotjune12(PhD, U Chicago, 1976; Professor, SAS) Physical anthropology, human and nonhuman primate evolution, evolutionary theory, morphology cachel@anthropology.rutgers.edu




Address: Biological Sciences Bldg. Rm. 203C
Phone/Fax: 848-932-9270; 732-932-1564(Fax)

Susan Cachel's Bibliography For Physical Anthropology



PhD University of Chicago 1976

Click here for additional information

Courses Taught

Undergraduate: Intro to Human Evolution; Human Variation; Primate Behavior; Primate Ecology; Advanced Physical Anthropology; Skeletal Biology of Primates ( with lab); Primatology and Human Evolution; Theories in Physical Anthropology; Introduction to Archaeology; Survey of Fossil Primates.

Graduate: Evolutionary Theory and Processes; Primate Evolution and Radiations; Evolution of the Hominidae; Hominid Taxonomy and Systematics; Human Variation.

Research Interests

Human and Non-Human Primate Evolution

Current Project(s):

Paleocommunity reconstruction of African Miocene hominids;
Natural History Intelligence vs. Social Cognition.

Other Relevant Professional Experience and Activities:

  • 2011-2012 Advisory Editor on Human Evolution for The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, 3 vols., 2nd ed., (2012)
  • Instructor in the Koobi Fora School (No. Kenya)

  • Editorial Board, American Journal of Primatology

Selected Publications

2013. S. Cachel & J.W.K. Harris. The paleobiology of Homo erectus: Implications for understanding the adaptive zone of this species. In Companion to Human Evolution, S. McBrearty, ed. San Diego, CA: Cognella, Inc.
2012. S. Cachel. Human tool behavior is species-specific and remains unique. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35(4):20.
2009.  S. Cachel.  Using sexual dimorphism and development to reconstruct mating strategies in ancient primates.  In Primatology:  Theories, Methods and Research, E. Potocki & J. Krasinski, eds.  New York:  Nova Science Publishers.
2006.  Primate and Human Evolution.  Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology.  Cambridge, U.K.:  Cambridge University Press.
2005.  Review of The Chimpanzees of the Tai Forest:  Behavioural Ecology and Evolution, C. Boesch & H. Boesch-Achermann.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2000.  PaleoAnthropology (August 2005): 21-25.   
2005.  Review of Evolution, 3rd ed., M. Ridley.  Oxford:  Blackwell Publishing, 2004.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 128:493-494.
2004.  The paleobiology of Homo erectus and early hominid dispersal. Athena Review 4(1):23-31.  
2004.  Review of From Biped to Strider:  The Emergence of Modern Human Walking, Running, and Resource Transport, D.J. Meldrum & C.E. Hilton, eds., New York: Kluwer Academic, 2004.  PaleoAnthropology (July 2004): 6-9.

2003.  Hominidae II.  Humans.  Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd ed., vol. 14 (Mammals III):241-253.

2001. "The impact of dietary constraints on social oganization in high latitudes," On Being First:  Cultural Innovation and Environmental Consequences of First Peopling, C. deMille, J. Gillespie, and S. Tupakka, eds., pp. 61-80. University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

2000. "Inferring hominid behavioral adaptations during Okote Member times in the Koobi Fora region." American Journal of Physical Anthropology supplement 30:116-117 (abstract). (with J.W.K. Harris, C.M. Monahan, and M.J. Rogers)

2000. Review of The Human Career. Human Biological and Cultural Origins, 2nd ed., R.G. Klein, University of Chicago Press, 1999. Geoarchaeology 15(4):373-384.

2000. Review of Lucy's Legacy, A. Jolly, Harvard University Press, 1999. International Journal of Primatology 21(4):783-785.

2000. "Subsistence factors among Arctic peoples and the reconstruction of social organization from prehistoric human diet," In Animal Bones, Human Societies, P. Rowley-Conwy, ed., pp. 39-48, Monographs in Archaeology Series, Oxbow Books, Oxford.

2000. Review of Structure and Contingency. Evolutionary Processes in Life and Human Society, J. Bintloff, ed., Leicester University Press, 1999. American Anthropologist.102:648-649.

1999 Marginal; archaeological investigations at East Turkana, Kenya: Implications for interpreting hominid behavioral adaptations." Abstracts INQUA XV International Congress, p. 151.(with M. Rogers, C. Monahan, J.W.K. Harris, and Karega-Munene).

1999. New discoveries of hominid-modified bones from the Koobi Fora Formation, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution 36(4):A21 (abstract).(with M. Rogers, C. Monahan, J.W.K. Harris, and D. Deocampo).

1999 "The adaptive zone of Homo erectus from an African perspective," in Lifestyles and Survival Strategies in Pliocene and Pleistocene Hominids, H. Ullrich, ed., pp. 128-137. Schwelm, Germany: Edition Archaea (with J.W.K. Harris).

1999 "Dietary shifts and the origins of the European Upper Palaeolithic," in Lifestyles and Survival Strategies in Pliocene and Pleistocene Hominids, H. Ullrich, ed., Schwelm, pp. 494-504. Germany: Edition Archaea.

1997 "Dietary shifts and the European Upper Palaeolithic transition," Current Anthropology 38:579-603. [includes CA commentary]

1996 "Can primate palaeocommunity structure be inferred?" American Journal of Physical Anthropology 99 (supplement 22):77-78 (abstract).

1996 "Phylogeny Triumphant." Review of Anthropoid Origins, J.G. Fleagle & R.F. Kay, eds. New York: Plenum Press (1994), 708 pp. Advances in Primatology series, The American Journal of Primatology 36:365-368.

1996 "The paleobiology of Homo erectus: Implications for understanding the adaptive zone of this species," Aspects of African Archaeology. Papers from the 10th Congress of the PanAfrican Association for Prehistory and Related Studies, G. Pwiti & R. Soper, eds., pp. 3-9. Harare: University of Zimbabwe Publications. (with J.W.K. Harris).

1996 "Megadontia in the teeth of early hominids," Kaupia. Darmstadter Beitrage zur Naturgeschichte vol. 6:119-128. M.D. Leakey Festschrift volume.

1994 "The natural history origin of human intelligence: A new perspective on the origin of human intelligence," Social Neuroscience Bulletin 7(2):25-30.

1995 "Ranging patterns, land-use and subsistence in Homo erectus from the perspective of evolutionary ecology." In Proceedings of the Pithecanthropus Centennial, 1893-1993; Vol. I, Palaeoanthropology: Evolution & Ecology of Homo erectus, J.R.F. Bower & S. Sartono, eds., pp. 51-66. Leiden: Leiden University Press. (with J.W.K. Harris).

1992 "The theory of punctuated equilibria and evolutionary anthropology," in The Dynamics of Evolution: The Punctuated Equilibrium Debate in The Natural and Social Sciences, S.A. Peterson and A. Somit, eds., pp. 187-220. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

1990 "Partisan Primatology." Review of Primate Visions. Gender, Race, and Nature in the World of Modern Science, D.J. Haraway, Routledge, New York (1989), 486 pp. American Journal of Primatology 22:139-142.

1984 "Growth and allometry in primate masticatory muscles," Archives of Oral Biology 29:287-293.

1981 "Plate tectonics and the problem of anthropoid origins," Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 24:139-172.

1979 "A functional analysis of the primate masticatory system and the origin of the anthropoid post-orbital septum," American Journal of Physical Anthropology 50:1-18.

1979 "A paleoecological model for the origin of higher primates," Journal of Human Evolution 8:351-359.

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